Greater food security in the Mediterranean
To tackle the major challenge of food security, it is vital that AMCs carry through national policies for agricultural and rural development. These involve investing in production, improving infrastructures to reduce waste and stimulate trade, supporting innovative practices to economize natural resources, and reinforcing different links in the agro-food industry chain to foster the integration of channels and business activities. These national policies should be backed by more determined regional approaches. Greater technical, territorial and commercial cooperation on agricultural, food and rural issues could be one of the principle axes of a Euro-Mediterranean project that now needs to be re-defined and prioritized in line with mutual North-South, and South-South, interests.
This means promoting greater regional cooperation, with more EU participation to disseminate crop and irrigation techniques, and optimized management of land and water resources. One solution to ensure regular supplies of strategic foodstuffs (especially cereals) could be to draw up mid-term EU-SEMC contracts guaranteeing volumes and price brackets.
Lastly, the Mediterranean will never be competitive when it comes to the quantity of its production. On the other hand, if synergies can be found, it could achieve competitiveness for the quality of its products. By acting as a joint movement, Mediterranean countries can extend the perimeter of their trade markets. The Mediterranean should put the focus back on its diet and products, since they clearly constitute the food and agricultural model that best suits countries in this region.