Develop the Euromed partnership in terms of a Social and Solidarity Economy for inhabitants in North and SouthThe new global and regional context characterized by crisis in the North and political and economic transitions in the South recalls that the emergency is job creation. This confirms two needs (i) the need for growth to be inclusive and benefit the largest number (ii) the need for the economy to tackle the social needs of people favoring a solidarity system.
The social and solidarity economy, SSE, brings multiple responses to this dual need, provided that the institutional, legal and financial ecosystem enabling its emergence and growth is in place. According to the ESMED network, 500 000 companies are active in the SSE sector in the Mediterranean region, employing 7 million people.
In May 2013, for the first time, was held in Tunis (Tunisia), the Euro-Mediterranean Conference of the SSE (MedESS), which brought together leading representatives of the sector in the region and laid the foundations of a Euro-Mediterranean ecosystem conducive to SSE enterprises.
IPEMED fed the debates of this first Euro-Mediterranean event entirely dedicated to the SSE by a report that outlines a comparative analysis of the SSE sector in Maghreb countries, before highlighting aspects of complementarity and South-South and South-North convergence. The report focuses on the conceptual definition of SSE and investigates characteristics that differ from one country and region to another. Finally, the comparative analysis among the countries on both shores of the Mediterranean in the field of SSE allows a reflection on the strategic directions for the actors and the structures of the sector.
SSE helps the expression of civil society by promoting a sustainable and inclusive development model. It allows another way to doing economy by giving a central position to people and meeting social and economic needs. Rather than an alternative, SSE is positioned as a third component of the market economy and the public sector.