N°12 > Towards sustainable and shared food security and sovereignty

- under the direction of Jean-Louis RASTOIN, Associate Expert and Professor Montpellier SupAgro


The right to food is recognised by the Unit­ed Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948. Today, it is part of sustainable food and food and nutrition security issues defined by the FAO between 2010 and 2012. This right is im­plicitly present in most of the 17 sustainable develop­ment objectives 2030 adopted by the United Nations General Assembly at the end of 2015.

According to the Committee on World Food Security (CFS, 2012): “Food and nutrition security is a condition when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food which meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life, while benefiting from adequate health environment and services, education and care”.

If we accept this definition, sustainable food and nu­trition security is still out of reach with, according to recent estimates, nearly 40% of the world’s popula­tion being malnourished, half by deficit and half by excess.

In the macro-region of La Verticale “AME” (Africa, Mediterranean, Europe), food insecurity is also wor­rying, to various extents in the different sub-regions.


Authors :

Sébastien Abis , Ciheam and IRIS
Jean-Louis Rastoin , Montpellier SupAgro and Ipemed, Paris
Boualem Aliouat, Nice-Sophia Antipolis University
Hassan Benabderrazik, Agro Concept, Rabat
Foued Cheriet, Montpellier SupAgro
Abdelhakim Hammoudi, Inra, Paris
Siaka Koné, Institut national polytechnique Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Yamoussoukro
Yves Martin-Prével, IRD, Montpellier
Etienne Hainzelin, Cirad, Montpellier and Ottawa University
Sid Ahmed Ferroukhi, CREAD, Algier

Towards sustainable and shared food security and sovereignty

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