Migrants and migration in the Mediterranean

- Philippe Fargues et Hervé Le Bras

The issue of migration in the Mediterranean is frequently controversial and emotive. This Ipemed paper aims to take a rational and objective approach to a subject that, despite its long-term nature (given that the science of demography involves observing phenomena over time), is increasingly bound to the outcome of current events.

The authors

Philippe Fargues, Director of the Migration Policy Centre at the European University Institute, on secondment from the Institut National d’Etudes Démographiques in Paris. Hervé Le Bras, Director of studies at the Ecole des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales. Director of the historical demography laboratory (CNRS-EHESS).


  • Demographic pressure in the South: a declining factor
  • Work supply in the North, a strong immigration factor
  • Southern countries’ policies on their emigrants
  • The globalization of migrations
  • SEMCs, immigration countries
  • Greater trans-Mediterranean mobility
  • Measuring and understanding migration (ANNEX)
  • Migration in the future: United Nations forecast
  • Migration progress as seen by the OECD
  • Immigration in Europe
  • Emigration: difficult to censor
  • Unknown exits
  • Foreign immigration in France and French emigration
  • Unskilled emigration
  • Rising emigration
  • Conclusion
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