Make the Union through its people: a “migratory ECSC”
There are six reasons why the movement of people should be one of the Euro-Mediterranean common policies:
1) the complementary age structures of North and South;
2) the constant need to use mobility to adjust work markets between countries in the region;
3) the need to circulate for professionals, who are increasingly numerous and diverse;
4) international competition to attract qualified workers, who continue to leave the region;
5) the community of interest concerning countries from both sides on managing migration;
6) the specific cultural characteristics of regional Euro-Mediterranean integration, whereby the intermixing of people is a historic legacy and a strategic necessity.
In the Mediterranean over the long term, inhabitants are unlikely to understand the concept of a union where people cannot circulate freely. There is much work to be done before the Euro-Mediterranean can assimilate the statement of the UN Global Commission on International Migration that, “the old paradigm of permanent migrant settlement is progressively giving way to temporary and circular migration”.
- Ali Bensaad: Senior lecturer at the Jacques Berque Institute, Rabat.
- Hakim El Karoui: President of Young Mediterranean Leaders.
- Philippe Fargues: Director of CARIM, Professor at the European University Institute, Florence.
- Hervé Le Bras: Director of Research at EHESS, Director of the Laboratory of Demographic History, Paris.